Photocolposcopy is a new word in the diagnosis of the pathology of the cervix, which allows you to perform diagnostics not only with high accuracy, but also to take pictures before and after treatment.
Videocolposcopy - This method of clinical gynecological examination with the help of a special optical device of the cervix can be increased 40 times (colposcope, videocolposcopy), which allows to diagnose even the slightest defects of the tissue, such as small erosions, tiny tumors and microheating in the region of the cervix, vagina and vulva. In this regard, colposcopy has become an indispensable method in the practice of gynecologists.
Why is it important to do a photocolpsopia?
With the help of colposcopic examination it is possible to diagnose the following diseases of the cervix:
Erosion of the cervix
Hyperplasia of the mucous membrane of the cervical canal,
HPV (warts, papillomas),
Early stages of cervical cancer
Differentiated diagnosis of numerous benign changes in the cervix.
The colposcopy should be used with each deep gynecological examination.
Colposcopy should be performed together with a pap smear for a cytological study: only the parallel application of these two methods gives the optimum result.
Photographs during colposcopic examination improve diagnosis - they are necessary for prolonged observation with deviations from the norm and for control of treatment.
A biopsy using a colposcope is a reliable diagnostic method (the tissue is taken with the ectoderm of the cervix at the site, which has led to suspicion of colposcopy).
With which diseases is being done photocolpscopy?
Erosion of the cervix
Hyperplasia of the mucous membrane of the cervical canal,
With video colposcopy, you can detect diseases that a woman may not know for years. First of all, the disease of the cervix that occurs as a rule, asymptomatic, but leads to one of the most common malignant formations in women - cervical cancer.
Introduction and removal of the intrauterine helix.
Intrauterine helix - Pretty reliable contraceptive. It is made of modern high-quality materials synthesized under high pressure. These materials are not subject to change over time, under the influence of body fluids and do not have a negative effect on the uterine mucosa. Years of experience shows that the intrauterine spirals do not cause any inflammatory processes or neoplasms in the body.
The introduction of the intrauterine helix is carried out by surgical intervention. The spiral, using a piston, is introduced into a thin tube. Then the tube is inserted into the cervical canal, and the spiral is expelled from the tube, by pressing the piston. In the cavity of the uterus, the spiral takes its original form.
The optimal period for entering the spiral is immediately after the next menstruation, or in the extreme case, during the first half of the menstrual cycle. In most women, after the introduction of the spiral, the next menstruation comes a few days earlier. The second and subsequent menstruation comes in normal times.
The introduction of the intrauterine contraceptive spiral should be performed by a gynecologist. In the previous survey, the gynecologist conducts the necessary studies and concludes that he can enter the spiral, as well as the absence of contraindications. At the re-admission gynecologist introduces intrauterine helix. In the future, the doctor calls a woman for a check-up.
The intrauterine helix can remain in the uterus of the woman up to 5 years of age, if it does not cause any complications. The dates of the extraction of the spiral must be determined by the doctor, depending on the condition of the woman.
If the woman decided to get pregnant, then the doctor will easily remove the contraceptive coil from the uterus. A small metal hook admires the bottom of the spiral and is extracted outwards. This is a very quick and painless manipulation.
Contraindications to the introduction of the intrauterine helix are: cervical cancer, inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs of a woman; Changed uterine form, for example, due to myoma;
The removal of the intrauterine helix is an operation to remove a small contraceptive device from plastic and copper, which is introduced into the uterine cavity. Prevention of pregnancy occurs by inhibiting the movement of sperm and reducing the longevity of the egg, which prevents the attachment of the uterus of the fertilized egg. The term of application of one means is different, everything depends on the model, but usually it is 5 years.
Before removing the intrauterine helix, consultation with a gynecologist is required. No additional training.
Removal of intrauterine helix
The procedure is usually carried out in an outpatient setting without the need to be in the hospital, most often during the period of menstruation. The doctor inserts the expander into the vagina to see the cervix. Tangles or other tools will be used to grab the yarn and gently pull the Navy out of the threads visible from the neck. If necessary, after extraction into place of the old one, a new intrauterine helium is esInlaylished a month later.
Removal should be done if a cervical spiral displacement occurs or expiry, after which it ceases to perform its functions and can not protect against unwanted pregnancy. Other reasons for the removal of the Navy:
The emergence of sexually transmitted infections;
Side effects (bleeding, pain);
Severe and prolonged menstrual bleeding;
The desire to use another method of contraception;
Desire to become pregnant;
Menstruation ceased due to menopause;
Need for treatment requiring the removal of the Navy.
The opening of the slaughter cyst with diathermocoagulation.
Nabotov cyst is a benign tumor that forms on the cervix. The disease has become more common in recent times, the main causes of the occurrence of this pathology are abortions, disorders in the hormonal system, sexually transmitted infections, inflammation and injuries as a result of postponed operations. Sick cyst of the cervix is formed in the form of formations with a dense consistency, having a round shape, white or yellowish shades, the sizes, as a rule, do not exceed 3 mm.
Before treatment, diagnostics and analysis of the presence of venereal infections are performed, the patient is smeared on the flora and for the detection of cancerous diseases of the cervix. The examination is necessary to determine the relevance and safety of treatment in a particular period, as well as the appointment of medicinal products.
Methods of treatment do not involve hospitalization of a patient. The choice of the method of surgery is determined by the gynecologist and it is best to know in advance about the methods, so then consult with a specialist about choosing the most effective and safe way. You need to choose the most gentle method that will not leave scars. The doctor carries a puncture of the cysts and cleanses and rinses the accumulated purulent fluid, then removes the pustules. The removal procedure is carried out using the radio wave method, or chemical baking, under the influence of liquid nitrogen, also laser removal is carried out, the process takes a few minutes.
Treatment of the cervix (Surgitron)
Cervical erosion (ectopia) is a gynecological disease in which ulcers (erosions) appear on the mucous membrane of the cervix, the size and extent of which depends on the stage of the disease. Ectopia can occur at women of any age and requires a thorough examination and timely treatment, because this pathology can be an indication of the initial stage of precancerous or cancerous epithelial changes.
Our medical center offers radio wave therapy for erosion of the cervix in the Ivano-Frankivsk apparatus Surgitron (Surgitron). Treatment of the cervix by the radio wave method is absolutely not harmful and safe, because this device does not imply direct physical effects on the body.
The treatment of erosion of the cervix is determined by the gynecologist individually for each patient, since the treatment method depends on the size and extent of the lesion, the presence of concomitant diseases and the stage of development of the disease.
As a rule, in the medical center "Repobona" for the treatment of erosion of the cervix in Ivano - Frankivsk using the "Surgitron" radio waves, treatment by such method involves the removal of the affected area under the influence of radio waves. This method of treatment is absolutely safe, both for women who have not yet given birth, and for those who want to have children in the future. As a rule, radio wave surgery cures erosion in almost 100% of cases without leaving any scars or traces.
Advantages of radio waves treatment of erosion of the cervix:
Accuracy of exposure - the probability of accidental damage to healthy tissues is excluded
Without scar and accelerated healing in comparison with other methods of treatment
Does not cause bleeding and does not leave scars
Excludes receiving electrical wound and injury to soft tissues
Healing passes painlessly
Provides sterilizing effect (excludes the risk of postoperative complications)
Contraindications for treating erosion of the cervix by the radio wave method:
low blood coagulation
inflammatory diseases of the genital (cervicitis, endometritis, colpitis, etc.) inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs
infectious diseases accompanied by high body temperature
The procedure is performed after menstruation, with normal vaginal microflora.
Aspirate from the cavity of the uterus
Vaccum aspiration of the uterine cavity is the easiest and most reliable way to extract the contents of the uterus for research. Unlike diagnostic scraping, this method is much more gentle in relation to the tender uterus of the mucous membrane, does not injure it, rarely leads to complications, such as inflammatory processes. Shown is taking aspirates from the uterus in the following cases:
• with menstrual irregularities;
• with endometriosis;
• with hyperplasia of the endometrium;
• with ovarian tumors;
• suspected malignant tumors in the endometrium;
• when monitoring the effectiveness of hormone therapy.
The cytological study of aspirates helps to trace whether the endometrium of the phase of the cycle corresponds to malignant formations in it, and to detect uterine cancer at its earliest stage.
Taking aspirates from the uterine cavity should not be performed with acute and exacerbations of chronic diseases of the genitourinary sphere, the presence of inflammatory processes in the region of the cervix and vagina.